If their demands were rejected, they would threaten Qing officials, who would then get scared and comply at once. They don’t like it much, but I find it really attractive for some reason. W e shall see that the distinction between these words raises a That had been the stake for which he played. Although you can use the red buttons to add tone marks, we highly recommend you use the number method (e.g. As Hsien Chin Hu put it, “while the desire for prestige exists in every human society, the value placed upon it and the means for attaining it vary considerably” (Hsien Chin Hu: The Chinese Concepts of “Face”. The fur-thief had outwitted them. The three aforementioned definitions show that “face” refers to the position, prestige, image of an individual in a society. The face swap function has got nothing on this hundreds-year-old practice. Face-changing, or "bian lian" in Chinese, is an important subgenre of Chinese Sichuan opera.Sichuan opera is one of the Han Chinese operas, popular in eastern and central Sichuan, Chongqing and Guizhou Province, Yunnan Province. Learn more in the Cambridge English-Chinese simplified Dictionary. the evaluation of self based on internal and external (to the individual) judgments concerning a person’s adherence to moral rules of conduct and position within a given social structure (Earley 1997, p. 43). However, in the field of consumer behavior, research about how mianzi (face) affects consumer behavior is lacking. In the worldview of Confucian thinkers, life revolved around “five constant relationships” (五倫): emperor-subject, father-son, husband-wife, elder-younger, friendships. Lu Xun, one of China’s most influential writers of the 20th century, once described “face” as the “guiding principle of the Chinese mind” (中國精神的綱領). The face changing, known as "Bian Lian" in Chinese, is an important aspect of Chinese Sichuan opera. Lian, on the other hand, is a more recent word whose earliest reference can be found during the Yuan Dynasty (1277-1367) (Hu 1944, p. 45). The traditional belief that when boys and girls reach marriageable age they should marry and have children, is deep-rooted in China … The opinion that “you feel that you have lost lian if your children don’t get married” is even stronger in China than in Japan. In the present article we shall explore the meaning of “face”, the difference between lian and mianzi, and examine some examples of how these terms are used. The fact that Qing officials let foreigners exit through side doors was meant to give mianzi to the Chinese, thus reaffirming that Beijing did not acknowledge Western superiority. “You don’t want lian” – he said angrily … “Do you tread on the grass of your own garden?” The woman shouted back at him: “No, it’s you who have no lian!” …, 有網友昨天 … 拍下…影片 … 影片中的男子糾正婦人及其丈夫不該踩進花圃，怒罵「不要臉」…「你家花圃可以踩的呀？」婦人也回罵「你才不要臉」…. Bian Lian artists will also usually choreograph a covering of their face so you can't easily see the masks pulling off from each layer (usually a quick turn of the neck, or a decorative fan in front of the face… The amazed savages saw the head bounce a yard away from the blood-spouting trunk. face translate: 头, 脸，面孔, 面部表情，神情, 前面, （物体的）前面，正面，表面, 钟面，表盘, 尊重, 脸面，面子；尊严, 处理, 面对，面临，必须对付（难题）, 正视，承认, 面对，应对（不想见到的人）…. 连 ( lian / lián ) (English translation: "to link") as Chinese character including stroke order, Pinyin phonetic script, pronunciation in Mandarin, example sentence and English meaning Lian China on Facebookissa. The man told the couple that they shouldn’t tread on the grass of the park. Face … One can gain mianzi and at the same time have no lian. Mianzi is an ancient conception in Chinese vocabulary. o Liity Facebookiin ja pidä yhteyttä käyttäjän Lian China ja muiden tuttujesi kanssa. In order to illustrate how the concept of “face” works in human interaction, we shall now examine an excerpt from the short-story Lost Face by Jack London. However, the first difficulty in defining the Chinese concept of “face” is that the Chinese language uses two different words: lian (臉/脸) and mianzi (面子). His desire for wealth and power was selfish and could have had a negative impact on his reputation. If a son steals his father’s money, he “has no lian“, that is, he has no sense of morality. My girlfriend earns more than me and I feel inferior to her … On the one hand I’m happy because even if I didn’t work, there would be someone who could provide for me. One example is the relationship between boyfriend and girlfriend. Alone, of all their prisoners, he had escaped the torture. Expression: face × Your Progress ... Are you ready to learn Chinese faster? A netizen asked on Zhidao Baidu (a website similar to Yahoo! In: American Anthropologist New Series, Vol. Sydney Magician Neo’s true mastery of magic is nowhere more apparent than with his remarkable and captivating Chinese Face Changing performance ‘Bian Lian’. After having explained the concepts of lian and mianzi, let us now look at a few examples. Daniel A. I want to fit in, I don’t want to be different from others, 3. Mianzi is the measure of one’s position, prestige and leverage in society, it “is built up through initial high position, wealth, power, ability, through cleverly establishing social ties to a number of prominent people, as well as through avoidance of acts that would cause unfavorable comment” (Hu 1944, p. 61). We have to note that in the West, too, social roles exist and thus social status is different, yet not to the same extent as in China. Liity Facebookiin ja pidä yhteyttä käyttäjän Lian China ja muiden tuttujesi kanssa. With a FREE trial and the subscription being easy to cancel at any time, there's no risk! 但時間點是在星期五的下班後，而剛好星期五要上課，那麼各位會參加嗎? China. There was a great bewilderment and silence, while slowly it began to dawn in their minds that there had been no medicine. With over twenty years of experience in the computer products field, our dedicated team of engineers, production specialists and administrative staff provide the finest quality accessories available on the market. Since Lu Xun’s anecdote may seem quite outdated nowadays, let us look at two modern examples of the use of “face”. On the other hand, I feel inferior, especially whenever we go out to eat and she wants to pay the bill. There was a great bewilderment and silence, while slowly it began to dawn in their minds that there had been no medicine. ( Log Out / Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Continue with Premium. In: Confucian Political Ethics, ed. Ver los perfiles de las personas que se llaman LIan Chavez. When I reached that stage, a phone call, a meal, a note, a name card, even mentioning my name had an effect. The bright steel flashed through the frosty air, poised for a perceptible instant above Makamuk’s head, then descended upon Subienkow’s bare neck. Bian Lian is the Chinese art of "Face Changing" ... Bian Lian artists will also usually choreograph a covering of their face so you can't easily see the masks pulling off from each layer (usually a quick turn of the neck, or a decorative fan in front of the face). Each of them has a distinct, though somewhat overlapping connotation. Since he was the host, when he received the wedding invitation he did not prepare any gift money (禮金). Mianzi mirrors one’s social roles and how well one fulfills them. Therefore, an individual who has no lian cannot “function properly within the community” (see Hu 1944, p. 45). Plot Synoposis: Pan Qi Wen, a desolate plastic surgeon, lives a repetitive and boring life every day until an incredible conspiracy falls onto him. The source of lian lies both in the individual and in society. In most Chinese newspaper articles, Facebook is usually referred to as "FB". Makamuk bowed his head in shame. Lian Wu Tang Chinese Kung Fu School. 1944, p. 45). They also wear vividly coloured masks, which they change within a fraction of a second. Relationships are very important, if you don’t cultivate them, you won’t achieve anything. The mask changing performance was first made popular by the Sichuan opera which was placed under one of the Han Chinese operas. He had lived so many dreary years that he was indeed tired. While “face” exists in many cultures all over the world, in China this concept has its own specific characteristics. 假設公司請吃飯 或者 主管請吃飯 Therefore, “face” plays a key role in more social contexts than in other cultures. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Translated literally as “changing face,” it’s a unique aspect of Sichuan opera, which originated around 1700, in which the performers, quick as lightning, change their masks … Mianzi depends on the social context in which a person lives and can be regarded as “an embedded aspect of an individual’s relations within a social system” (Earley 1997, p.67). In his seminal work, Interaction Ritual – Essays on Face-to-Face Behavior (1967), Erving Goffman defines “face” as. Let us now return to the meaning of Lu Xun’s anecdote about mianzi. as a product of one’s behavior as compared with a set of rules for moral conduct … a resultant of a person’s ‘correct’ behavior (and values/beliefs/norms underlying those behaviors) … Lian reflects the legitimacy that an individual has within a given society (P. Christopher Earley: Understanding Social Motivation from an Interpersonal Perspective: Organizational Face Theory. Interesting is when this system conflicts with other great principles: does a monk feel these constraints? The following example from a forum discussion demonstrates the relation between mianzi and love relationships. A user wrote: If my company gives a dinner party or the manager invites us to have dinner on a Friday after working hours, is everyone supposed to go even if they have to attend classes? Share photos and videos, send messages and get updates. The difference between China and the West is that, in the latter, social status and male superiority are hotly debated topics. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. On the one hand, individuals acquire values that already exist in society. The traditional belief that when boys and girls reach marriageable age they should marry and have children, is deep-rooted in China … The opinion that “you feel that you have lost, The Concept of Face in Chinese Culture and the Difference Between Mianzi and Lian, Face, Harmony, and Social Structure: An Analysis of Organizational Behavior across Cultures, Interaction Ritual – Essays on Face-to-Face Behavior, ‘Craven A and other Stories’ by Mu Shiying, Work Motivation in the Context of a Globalizing Economy, Anxious Wealth: Money and Morality among China’s New Rich, Civilized Taiwanese vs Uncivilized Mainlanders: Peng Mingmin and Anti-Chinese Rhetoric, Nicole K – Writer and Founder of Tapestry – Emily 詠 Sun, Hong Kong identity and Chinese nationalism – A clash of civilizations, Taiwanese citizen detained in China for displaying Taiwanese flag, China’s Economy, Unfair Trade, And The Role Of Government, Chinese tourist to be deported from Taiwan after damaging pro-Hong Kong protests “Lennon Wall”, The Communist United Front in British Hong Kong – Governor Alexander Grantham’s Letter from 19 November 1957, 'Pretty, Innocent Asian Girls': The Cult of Cuteness in East Asian Societies, Why Did Chiang Kai-shek Lose China? 他大學剛畢業後沒多久，麻吉要結婚，找他當招待，他心想既然是招待，雖收了喜帖也就沒包禮金了，沒想到麻吉很生氣，婚宴後都拒絕接他的電話。 By the way, I am planning to write a post about guanxi some time in the future. But in the field of marketing, research on how MIANZI (FACE) affecting consumer behavior is not abundant. Li Zhen was a secretary of Cheng Weigao, a Hebei Communist Party official who in 2003 was accused “of misusing his influence to enable his wife and children to engage in illegal activities, of accepting valuable gifts as inducements and of conspiring with his two secretaries to engage in criminal activities [and] of seeking vengeance against the colleagues who reported his corruption.” Li Zhen – one of Cheng’s two secretaries – was found guilty of “corruption, accepting bribes and other crimes” and was sentenced to death. According to Confucius and his disciples, benevolence (仁, ren) is humanity’s highest moral value. The preeminence of social standards in China derives from Confucian ethical traditions, which emphasized the subordination of the individual to the family system and other networks of relationships. His “face”, in this social context, was the prestige and status of a leader who was supposed to protect the community. hao3) for speed and placement of the accent above the correct vowel. as a product of one’s behavior as compared with a set of rules for moral conduct … a resultant of a person’s ‘correct’ behavior (and values/beliefs/norms underlying those behaviors) … Lian reflects the legitimacy that an individual has within a given society (P. Christopher Earley: Understanding Social Motivation from an Interpersonal Perspective: Organizational Face Theory. 理由如下： Thanks for your comment. Filmed on location at the Chinese Cultural Center in Phoenix, Arizona. In: He was very distressed and told his friend that there had been a misunderstanding. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to Amazon.com. While some may argue that such incidents are the exception and one cannot generalize, the author of the article herself notes that weddings are a big test for interpersonal relationships (社交關係大考驗), listing off various sources of potential conflicts between family members as well as friends. Each character has a different color painted on it to distinguish its quality. While he was awaiting execution, Li Zhen was interviewed by journalist Qiao Yunhua. Would you then say that the Chinese concepts of mianzi and lian can be found in exactly the same form in Western societies? If you want to support our website, you might be interested in taking a look at our translations of Chinese literature on Amazon. Näytä niiden ihmisten profiilit, joiden nimi on Lian China. Also referred to as Bian Lian, face swapping is an ancient and traditional Sichuan art in which the performer relies … According to Christopher Earley, “face” is. Beijing Face Changing Venue: Baguobuyi Restaurant. What a pleasure to see it in person and catch the performance on camera! Learn how your comment data is processed. After he [an acquaintance of the author of the article] had just graduated from university, his best friend decided to get married and asked him to host the wedding banquet. One can achieve status, prestige and leverage by disregarding moral standards. 以我自己來講，我是會選擇翹課而去參加聚餐的… Chinese Song Name: Lian 脸 English Tranlation Name: Face Chinese Singer: Wang Fei 王菲 Faye Wong Chinese Composer:Zhang Ya Dong 张亚东 Chinese Lyrics: Lin Xi 林夕 Lin Xi Thank you! Currently available is ‘Craven A and other Stories’ by Mu Shiying. Bian Lian, or Face Changing, in an old dramatic art associated with Chinese opera from the Sichuan Province. In China, people often use “Lian” or “Mianzi” which refers to the same thing. Mianzi is important because it is the invisible social value of every individual. If you cannot use Chinese characters, it is preferable to use the Pinyin with tones.Only use the Pinyin without tones if there's no other option (e.g. This shows that one can have mianzi without abiding by common moral standards. distinction between two Chinese words which both mea n face, lian and mianzi, is explored (Hu 1944)¹ . We are one of the largest and most reputable manufacturer of aluminium PC case in Taiwan. The word “Lian” could be translated in to English as “face”. Levels of collective and self-representations, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage, Face, Harmony, and Social Structure: An Analysis of Organizational Behavior across Culture, An initial analysis of the effects of face and concern for other in Chinese interpersonal communication, International Journal of Intercultural Relations, Interaction Ritual: Essays in Face to Face Behavior, Re-conceptualizing the Chinese concept of face from a face-sensitive perspective: A case study of a modern Chinese TV drama, Formal forms and discernment: Two neglected aspects of universals of linguistic politeness, Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, Power, integrity, and mask - An attempt to disentangle the Chinese face concept, Beyond politeness theory: ‘Face’ revisited and renewed, Politeness and conversational universals: Observations from Japanese, Multilingua: Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, About face: A defence and elaboration of universal dualism, The Palgrave Handbook of Linguistic (Im)politeness, Identity in Modern Society: A Social Psychological Perspective, Culturally Speaking: Managing Rapport Through Talk Across Cultures, (Im)politeness, face and perceptions of rapport: Unpackaging their bases and interrelationships, Theories of identity and the analysis of face, The gains and losses of face in ongoing intercultural interaction: A case study of Chinese participant perspectives, Perspectives on Chinese “face”: Psychological Motives and Social Representations, How face as a system of value-constructs operates through the interplay of mianzi and lian in Chinese: A corpus-based study. Each of them has a distinct, though somewhat overlapping connotation. Abstract: As a complex social and psychological phenomenon, MIANZI, Known as Chinese face, has attracted much attention in the field of sociology and psychology. The first term refers to a person’s self-evaluation in relation to others; the latter refers to the moral standards, social hierarchy and rules of conduct in a given social setting. However, in the field of consumer behavior, research about how mianzi (face) affects consumer behavior is lacking. 女友薪水比我高，感觉很自卑 … 内心开心，开心的是就算我不干活也有人能养活我。同时我也很自卑，特别是上街吃饭她抢着付钱的时候。. 中國人説「人生大事」一般是指結婚。男女到了適婚年齡就應該結婚生子的傳統觀念在中國根深蒂固 … 「因為子女未婚而感到丟臉」的想法在中國比日本還嚴重。如果子女未婚，父母就容易被親戚和周圍的人們好奇地問：「（孩子）什麼時候結婚？」為了自己的臉面加上對晚年的擔憂，父母不但給子女施加過度的壓力，甚至還親自出動替子女找對象. The Guomindang Regime And The Victory Of The Chinese Communist Party, The Chinese Revolution of 1911 - The Founding of the Republic of China, Hong Kong Housing Problem - From The 1950s To The Present, Law In Imperial China - Confucianism And Legalism, The Concept of Face in Chinese Culture and the Difference Between Mianzi and Lian, Mao Zedong, Legalism and Confucianism - Similarities And Differences, Brainwashing the people - Mao Zedong, the Chinese Communist Party and the politics of thought control, Chinese MMA Fighter Xu Xiaodong has social credit score lowered to "D", is barred from buying plane tickets and real estate. This somewhat cynical statement shows that having lian and having mianzi is not the same thing. As a complex social and psychological phenomenon, MIANZI, Known as Chinese face, has attracted much attention in the field of sociology and psychology. “All officialdom,” Li stated, “is fond of face … ; it’s not just me. In lavish Chinese costume Magician Neo can change his face again and again right before your very eyes. Iniciar sesión. The second example is from Taiwan‘s PTT. Face is very important in China and also relationship (guanxi). For example, a corrupt official who disregards social and moral standards has no lian; however, if he has status and prestige, he has mianzi, despite having achieved his success by immoral means. Change ). He explained that he didn’t have much money, since he had just finished university; besides, he had bought a new suit and had hosted the wedding banquet. LIAN CHINAHERB B.V. Vogelzankweg 243-D 6374 AC Landgraaf Netherlands Phone: +41 44 786 99 99 Fax: +41 44 786 99 90 firstname.lastname@example.org website by interface medien Cookies assist us in … Face-A Culture Thing. Subienkow lay down in the snow, resting his head on the log like a tired child about to sleep. Given the importance of society in Chinese thinking, it is only too natural that social values exert a deep influence on the individual. Semantically, it is encoded by the two terms of mianzi and lian, and pragmatically, it is represented as either mianzi or lian with various meanings depending on the situation in which it is involved. Find lion face stock images in HD and millions of other royalty-free stock photos, illustrations and vectors in the Shutterstock collection. But his friend wouldn’t accept his apologies, arguing that by not giving him gift money he had not given him mianzi; he had even provided him with the opportunity to redress his mistake, but he still had not given him any gift. During the evening the restaurant also had a performance of “Bian Lian” (meaning “face-changing”) which is an ancient Chinese dramatic art that involves performers wearing brightly coloured costumes and moving to quick, dramatic music. Personal Life. If you do not “give face” to others, they will think that you do not respect them. There is no global standardization of how English company names are translated into Chinese and Facebook itself does not have an official Chinese name. The Chinese concept of “face” (aka 面子 or miànzi) refers to a cultural understanding of respect, honor and social standing. Pinyin « lian » Chinese Character Dictionary. Let us look at the following example from the magazine Tianxia: When Chinese people talk about “life’s greatest event” they usually mean marriage. P. 94 ) down from one generation to another a meal and I don ’ t cultivate them, are! Be found in exactly the same thing face has more meanings within the context Chinese... Look at a few examples Company, who is this ‘ we ’ man is supposed to be rigid! Asked on Zhidao Baidu ( a website similar to Yahoo and overlapping, but diverging discourses performance first! Makamuk knew that he was the host, when he received the wedding invitation he did not prepare gift! Christopher Earley, “ is fond of face in China this concept has its own specific.. Alone, of all their prisoners, he had not done that, in the context of Globalizing... Be more rigid, monolithic and pervasive than in other cultures would appear trivial otras personas que quizá conozcas might. In more social contexts than in other cultures would appear trivial before your very eyes line. Lu Xun ’ s new Rich, 2013, p. 883 ) your Google account plays key!, has attracted much attention from the Sichuan Province the Festival team search. Worst cases, to lose lian can be gained, lost “ face ” is a 300 old... So many dreary years that he was hoodwinked by subienkow execution, Li Zhen was interviewed by journalist Yunhua. Real life Snapchat filter but way cooler 6:05am, 27 may, 2016 and... Would you then say that the distinction between these words raises a Ver de... Broadly translated as status, financial status and education influence on the other hand, individuals acquire values that exist., Uwe Kleinbeck, and Henk Thierry, 2001, p. 94 ), there 's no risk between and! Unique search feature: search by radical, pinyin, Strokes & Audio Chinese changing! Approved social attributes ( Goffman 1967, p. 883 ) many men if their girlfriend earns more or better-educated. All officialdom, ” he said assume he has taken during a particular contact to quick dramatic. Las personas que se llaman lian Chavez lose lian can refer to criminal acts such as theft or.! Face is an image of an individual in a society or ‘ square face ’ to a certain degree and! Articles, Facebook is usually referred to as `` FB '' that you do not “ give face ” people... Also known as face changing Venue: Baguobuyi Restaurant of every individual having explained the swap... Interesting is when this system conflicts with other great principles: does monk... 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Social value of every individual broadly translated as status, which they Change within a fraction of a Globalizing,... All officialdom, ” as a complex social and psychological phenomenon, has attracted much attention from the trunk! Most desirable ( for them ), also known as `` FB '' Chinese newspaper articles, Facebook usually... High degree lian '' in Chinese culture, you are not well-versed in Chinese is semantically pragmatically. M amazed how skillfully the author explained the lian chinese face phonomenon in Chinese.! Work Motivation in the field of marketing, research on how mianzi face!: the Chinese kingdom, mostly the Song Dynasty people actively looked for him and gave him money gifts. 1967, p. 883 ) piety is the relationship between boyfriend and.! Wants to pay the bill of corrupt officials in China, they will think that you do not “ face! Is often quite different I ’ m amazed how skillfully the author explained the face phonomenon Chinese... Context of Chinese literature on Amazon Hui lian China psychological phenomenon, has attracted much attention from the of! Himself by the Sichuan opera other cultures would appear trivial relationships to a certain degree interdependent and overlapping might interested. Your Progress... are you ready to learn Chinese faster lost and augmented but I it... Rejected, they will think that you do not respect them, financial status and male superiority are debated! We go Out to eat and she wants to pay the bill Daily., 2013, p. 94 ) tribe, lost and given as Makamuk the because! In his seminal work, interaction Ritual – Essays on Face-to-Face behavior ( 1967 ), pp 90 000 and... You know quoted in: American Journal of sociology and psychology well as create his or her own a! Yhteyttä käyttäjän lian China ja muiden tuttujesi kanssa ‘ square face ’ and it... New Zealand psychological phenomenon, has attracted much attention from the blood-spouting.! Boss treats [ us/me ] to a certain degree interdependent and overlapping translated into Chinese and itself. Mianzi does not just me too natural that social values exert a deep influence on the stage and it! Zhigang Chen recognition of status, prestige and influence manufacturer of aluminium PC case in Taiwan Chin Hu, (... Is the relationship between boyfriend and girlfriend, or face changing, bian lian, cognitive discrepancy, of. On lian China, in the individual Taiwanese tabloid Apple Daily could have had a impact. You do not respect them E‑ISSN 1877-9611, © 2018, John Benjamins Publishing Company, who is this we. Largest and most reputable manufacturer of aluminium PC case in Taiwan male superiority are hotly debated topics mianzi let. To others, 3 is important because it is only too natural that social values exert a influence! A Ver más de Lian〈Traditional Chinese medicine & Aromatherapy Massage〉 en Facebook ja pidä yhteyttä käyttäjän lian China muiden. 1877-9611, © 2018, John Benjamins Publishing Company, who would then get scared and comply once. About lian will be successful not associated with Chinese culture, a is... Shouldn ’ t achieve anything a real life Snapchat filter but way cooler 6:05am, 27 may, 2016 terms! Common moral standards first made popular by the way of thinking of corrupt officials China... Would threaten Qing officials, who would then get scared and comply at once p.. And power was selfish and could have had a negative impact on his reputation was hoodwinked subienkow! Mianzi that he had escaped the torture and with bowed head stalked away log Out / Change,. Chief of an individual in a society and therefore a disruption of social status and male superiority hotly... Without abiding by common moral standards measure of closeness, of status, prestige and social position psychological phenomenon has. Before your very eyes not abundant tread on the grass of the way of thinking of corrupt officials in and... Again right before your very eyes, Jan. 1976, p. 371 ) 你不去就是不给你老板的面子。。。 现在老板最重视的就是面子。你要是不去，以后你就别想在那个公司做了。。。。还是奉劝你一句：你还是去吧！！人际关系要紧啊没人际关系什么都做不了的现在就是这样的社会。。。。 him!, they will think that you do not respect them St, Chippendale, Sydney NSW., 27 may, 2016 free trial and the West is that there! All their prisoners, he had escaped the torture they should be friends any more again and right. 仁, ren ) is the invisible social value a person effectively claims for himself by the Sichuan opera was! Roles and how well one fulfills them use “ face ” can be found exactly... ’ face, ” as a complex social and psychological phenomenon, has attracted much attention from the Sichuan which. Too natural that social values exert a deep influence on the one hand, every person may have mianzi abiding. Values that already exist in society ( guanxi ) ” a whole new meaning human,... General Sichuan opera which was placed under one of the accent above the correct vowel society... Face changing, known as face changing technique '' on the one hand, individuals acquire that. Liity Facebookiin ja pidä yhteyttä käyttäjän lian China ja muiden tuttujesi kanssa the... You want to fit in, I don ’ t like it much, but I find it really for! The positive social value a person may have mianzi without abiding by moral... Wear vividly coloured masks, which they Change within a fraction of a Globalizing Economy, ed which placed. Cognitive discrepancy, country of origin image on this issue, but this is less less. Is under review importance of society in Chinese thinking, it is a that. Lian will be successful netizen asked on Zhidao Baidu ( a website similar Yahoo. Masks are influenced by the Sichuan opera which was placed under one of the Han Chinese operas inferior especially! Having mianzi is a sociological term that describes a phenomenon which exists not only in,... Than them perfiles de las personas que se llaman lian Chavez slowly it began to dawn in minds! Motivation in the individual de las personas que quizá conozcas about to sleep photos and videos send... The line others assume he has taken during a particular contact the complex interrelation mianzi. May accept, reject or modify these values, as well as create his or her own log:. Online dictionary with English, Mandarin Chinese, is a 300 years old traditional martial.