On 11 April 2019, the military removed al-Bashir from power in a coup d'état and created a Transitional Military Council (TMC). (16) of the Sudanese August 2019 Draft Constitutional Declaration,[14][15] under the authority of transition period Prime Minister Abdalla Hamdok. The chief of the RSF, Hemedti, was named Vice President of the Military Council, presided over by Burhan. To my followers/supporters who this is too much for I am also sorry but my regularly scheduled content/reviews is also on pause. At least forty of the … As first reported by CNN, the RSF has been dumping protestor bodies into the Nile River in an attempt to cover up the actual death toll from the Sudan Massacre. Prior to the massacre, the two sides were making progress and had agreed on a 3-year deal to transition to democracy. The negotiations turned into a stalemate and instead of agreeing on a way forward the military has seized power and imposed their will with brutal force. Khartoum massacre a year on: ‘If I told them I was a doctor I wouldn’t be talking now’ Irish-based doctor recalls the day Sudanese military opened fire on demonstrators Wed, Jun 3, 2020, 13:44 [50] Mahmoud Elmutasim, a political activist and doctor who graduated from the University of Khartoum, stated that Saudi Arabia and the UAE are opposed to the existence of democracies in the Middle East, since if "the idea of democracy itself [should] ever take root, or become widespread in the Middle East," then it would constitute a threat to the governmental systems of Saudi Arabia and the UAE. Activists concluded that there had been army soldiers who refused to attack the protestors or had attempted to protect them, whereupon they too had been murdered. Five days … [60], According to an anonymous military official present at negotiations for the initial verbal deal, quoted by The Christian Science Monitor, US negotiators led by Donald E. Booth proposed that TMC members be guaranteed immunity from prosecution in the investigation. [36], Sit-ins in Port Sudan, el-Gadarif and Sinja were also "raided and attacked by the RSF" on 3 June. Buzzfeed is reporting that RSF has shut down nearly all access to internet and phone services throughout the country following the massacre. [46] Three separate enquiries released statements to the media in late July 2019. [citation needed]. June 3rd Massacre On April 6, 2019, protestors staged a sit-in in Khartoum to pressure the then ruling dictator Omar Al Bashir to step down. [38], Pramila Patten from the United Nations (UN) called for a UN human rights monitoring team to be sent to Sudan and for "rapes and gang rapes of protesters, women's rights defenders and women medical personnel working in hospitals near the sit-in" to stop. Sudanese Massacre: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know, Copyright © 2020 Heavy, Inc. All rights reserved. [83][84], African Union – On 3 June, issued the following statement "The Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki strongly condemns the violence that erupted today which led to reported deaths and several civilian injuries. At Sudan’s Royal Care Hospital, RSF soldiers forced 50 wounded protestors to evacuate and arrested a doctor that had been part of the sit-in protest. The attack was led by Rapid Support Forces (RSF), a state-controlled offshoot of the Janjaweed. The United Nations Secretary-General, António Guterres, condemned the use of excessive force by Sudan's security agents and said he was "alarmed" by reports that forces had opened fire inside a hospital. It is served by Khartoum International Airport, with another airport, Khartoum New International Airport, under construction. The sides had agreed on forming a parliament and a government that would prepare for elections after three years. The Khartoum massacre occurred on 3 June 2019, when the armed forces of the Sudanese Transitional Military Council, headed by the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), the immediate successor organisation to the Janjaweed militia,[5] used heavy gunfire and teargas to disperse a sit-in by protestors in Khartoum, killing more than 100 people,[6] with difficulties in estimating the actual numbers. Bardet said that, as of June 2019[update], evidence was being collected about "a fair amount of sexual violence" that might be used as evidence of an international crime, if the sexual violence were "systematic, targeted and [had] a specific objective". Two medics who were present at the Khartoum sit-in were also raped during the massacre. Their message was clear: power-sharing in return for guarantees that nobody from the council will be tried. [18][19] Protesters supported by the Sudanese Professionals Association (SPA)[20][21] and democratic opposition groups engaged in street demonstrations, calling on the ruling Transitional Military Council to "immediately and unconditionally" step aside in favour of a civilian-led transitional government, and urging other reforms in Sudan. The Khartoum Massacre The mobilization of December 2018, which led to the fall of Al-Bashir, was the first time the Rapid Support Forces entered Khartoum in large numbers to repress the demonstrations and the occupation of Al-Qyada Plaza. I am willing to refund all and everything right away. [65] The leaders of the Declaration of Freedom and Change Forces (DFCF) opposition alliance, said an open-ended civil disobedience campaign would continue to try to force the council from power. Buzzfeed is reporting that RSF has shut down nearly … The removal of Omar Al-Bashir created a power vacuum in Sudan. At least 30 people have died after Sudanese security forces launched a massive crackdown against protesters at a central Khartoum sit-in.. … If this offends you, I am sorry. Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images. Norway,  United Kingdom,  United States – On 4 June, the Troika issued a statement on developments in Sudan. Natives … The SPA warned that military trucks of NISS, the RSF and other state security forces were accumulating around the area of the sit-in. [28][68], On Tuesday the United Nations Security Council met on at the request of Britain and Germany to hear a briefing from UN envoy Nicholas Haysom, who has been working with the African Union (AU) on a solution to the crisis in Sudan. At dawn on Monday, June 3, paramilitary forces raided the sit-in opposite the Army General Command in Khartoum, Sudan, raining fire on protesters and bringing an end to six months of a largely peaceful uprising. The protesters have blamed the Rapid Support Forces (RSF) of planning and carrying out the massacre. Protestors scattered and hid in surrounding buildings to avoid the gunfire. My friend @mattar77 was MURDERED by the Rapid Support Forces. "[61] In late July, the FFC requested that the constitutional declaration, a document intended to add details complementary to the political agreement, should give no immunity against prosecution to any civilian or military leaders of the transition institutions. He confirmed rapes, throwing of bodies into the Nile, and burning of tents. [32] Hundreds of unarmed civilians were injured, hundreds of unarmed citizens were arrested and many families were terrorised in their home estates across Sudan. The massacre took place while RSF units tried to clear the space outside the army HQ in Khartoum where protesters were gathered. Emirati Minister of Foreign Affairs Anwar Gargash stated "We are concerned about the massacre we've seen. Soldiers and paramilitary groups earlier this month opened fire on a pro-democracy sit-in in Khartoum, leaving at least 118 people dead, the Central Committee of Sudan Doctors said. [47] On 30 July, enquiries by the Darfur Bar Association and the National Umma Party attributed responsibility directly to the TMC,[48][49] confirmed the occurrences of rapes as part of the event,[48] and stated a total death toll of 124 (from 3 to 20 June). [72][73], On Sunday 9 June 2019, normally a regular working day in Sudan, protesters launched a civil disobedience campaign aiming at removing the TMC. "[37], International criminal lawyer Celine Bardet of We are not Weapons of War said that evidence gathering for the systematic use of sexual violence as a tool of war needed separate consideration to other evidence gathering, because of social stigma against women testifying about the events. [33] Seventy women and men were raped by the RSF according to doctors in Khartoum hospitals. Between June 3 and July 18, another 16 people were killed during commemoration rallies and anti-junta protests. [66][65][67] The leaders also added that there is no room for negotiations," as military leaders attempted to do damage control in the face of international criticism of Monday's indiscriminate killings. [38] Activist Dalia El Roubi stated that "the symbolism behind the rape of women is very substantial, it's aimed at breaking society" and that the sexual violence of the 3 June massacre was a deliberate action by the RSF to "break" communities in a similar way to which communities were "broken" in Darfur. In Khartoum, the rally began from the house of one of the victims and proceeded towards the site of the massacre. [3][66], On Tuesday, Khartoum was tense with many roads barricaded by protesters, shops shut and streets mostly empty. Khartoum is an economic and trade centre in Northern Africa, with rail lines from Port Sudan and El-Obeid. Street protests took place in Khartoum in response to the report. We call for an agreed transfer of power to a civilian-led government as demanded by the people of Sudan. [23] There were many attempts to disperse protesters and clear the sit-in in front of the Military HQ in Khartoum. There’s a massacre happening in my country Sudan’s and a media blackout and internet censorship for four consecutive days. [63] The members of the men-only commission, headed by human rights lawyer Nabil Adib, were nominated on 20 October. Read More [47], The Darfur Bar Association (DBA) created a Truth and Fact-finding Committee to investigate the massacre, primarily the incidents of rape. Reports in the aftermath of that attack indicated that the violence resulted in the deaths of scores of people and injured hundre… The following is a timeline of what took place in the Khartoum sit-in camp: According to local resident and PhD student Mohammed Elnaiem, the first phase of the attack included discussion between RSF members and the regular army, and in the second phase, the army vehicles departed while RSF vehicles "drove through the barricades. [36], France 24 documented evidence that the rapes of 70 women and men during the massacre[2][3] were a deliberate campaign to "break the girls". [66][10][70][71], On Thursday 6 June, the African Union Peace and Security Department issued a statement suspending the participation of Sudan in all AU activities with immediate effect - "until the effective establishment of a civilian-led transitional authority," which it described as the only way to "exit from the current crisis". [38] Jabrallah stated that "everyone was threatened with being raped if they resisted the RSF's orders. [37] After the main attack, the RSF shot wounded protestors in three Khartoum hospitals. #sudanuprising #sudanese_protest #مجزرة_القيادة_العامة #عيد_شهيد #اعتصام_رويال_كير #اعتصام_القيادة_العامه #السودان @wawa_waffles @sudanuprising.updates #sudanrevolts #sudanuprising #iamsudan #iamsudanrevolution #sudanese #freesudan, A post shared by Shahd ?? Despite their success at removing the dictator, revolutionaries were unable to take power from the military who refused to relinquish control of the country. Please keep the people of Sudan in your thoughts and prayers, #Roommates ?? He stated that 47 victims of the massacre died on 3 June, with a total of 124 dying from 3 to 20 June. [51], The New Arab and Middle East Eye similarly argued that "The blooded assault was launched shortly after top Sudanese generals visited Riyadh, Abu Dhabi and Egypt to secure support for their takeover, with observers arguing the transitional military council received a green light from the three powerful Arab states for their move". The violent dismantling of the sit-in in front of the army command in Khartoum on June 3, also known as the 29 Ramadan massacre, caused the death of 127 people. Once the crowd was dispersed, the RSF moved onto the surrounding neighborhoods and continued to beat, rape, and kill protestors. [17], On 5 March 2020, an investigation by Physicians for Human Rights (PHR) stated that Sudanese security forces had planned the attack against pro-democracy stagings in Khartoum. Khartoum — The committee set up by Sudan's Attorney General to investigate the cases of people missing since the start of the 2018 December Revolution has found a … PHR stated, "Security forces' horrific tactics – sexual violence, including rape, use of tear gas, whips, batons, and live ammunition – killed and critically injured hundreds of civilians. [22] For about two months the TMC engaged the SPA in dialogue and discussion on how to shift to a transitional government, disagreeing over whether the transitional government should be civilian-led or military-led. We support calls for proper investigation". The militia was also responsible for war recent crimes in Darfur. The protestors wanted a civilian-led transition government and were involved in negotiations with the military. [48], The National Umma Party formed an enquiry committee led by Yousef El Amin. She then called on anybody and everybody to help spread the news as the RSF had cut off internet access to civilians. The RSF is attempting to cover up their crimes and Khartoum is essentially under military occupation. Witnesses are also reporting that the RSF is not allowing them to touch or recover the bodies of dead protestors presumably because they plan to dump them in the river. The initial protests two months ago led to the autocratic leader Al-Bashir being ousted. [74][75] As roads were blocked, almost all formal and informal businesses were closed, including, banks, public transport and Khartoum International Airport, where several airlines cancelled their Sudan flights following the massacre and passengers were left waiting outside airport's departures terminal. Rapid Support Forces opened fire on peaceful protestors in Sudan on June 3, killing over 124 people and injuring 700 more. Currently, peaceful Sudanese protestors are being killed as they urge for a democratic government. The actual body count from the massacre continues to grow and more bodies are discovered in the Nile River. Unfortunately, no doubt can now exist that General Gordon was among those massacred when Khartoum fell into the hands of the rebels. Rapid Support Forces (RSF) vehicles were patrolling the streets in Omdurman, on the other side of the River Nile from Khartoum and firing into the air. [51][50] The late May visits by TMC leader al-Burhan to the Egyptian president el-Sisi and to the de facto ruler of the UAE, Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, and of the TMC deputy leader Dagalo to Mohammad bin Salman, the de facto ruler of Saudi Arabia, were interpreted by el-Baghdadi as encouragements for the TMC to cancel negotiations with the opposition and to carry out a massacre. Many Sudanese artists designed and created pieces of art that show the scale of the massacre. New outlets began covering the story and the international community has since taken notice. Negotiations broke down in May and tensions mounted until the massacre last week in Khartoum. Khalid Kodi from Boston College, United States, made a painting that depicts a Sudanese woman in front of the military headquarters, with the woman symbolising the women who were raped[2] by the RSF[37] during the massacre. Soldiers broke through the demonstrators’ barricades, burnt their tents to the ground, and shot at and beat protesters. Please, just send me an email. [16] The commission is led by human rights lawyer Nabil Adib and with no women members, which the No to Oppression against Women Initiative objected to.[17]. Soldiers broke through the demonstrators’ barricades, burnt their tents to the ground, and shot at and beat protesters. Tens of thousands remained in place in Khartoum and other camps around the country, demanding a fast transition to civilian rule. There were several reports of bodies thrown into the Nile. Egypt had held the city for some time, but the siege the Mahdists engineered and carried out from 13 March 1884 to 26 January 1885 was enough to wrest control away from the Egyptian administration. Yesterday, an independent national commission started its in-person investigation on the violent dispersal by government forces of the protesters at the sit-in in front of the Sudanese army’s General Command in Khartoum on June 3, 2019, causing the death of at least 127 demonstrators. The Chairperson calls on the Transitional Military Council to protect the civilians from further harm". The Daily Beast attributed responsibility directly to RSF under Hemedti's command, based on videos,[45] testimonies by witnesses and interviews with civilian activists. Following intense protests, Awad Ibn Auf announced his resignation and said that he had chosen Lieutenant-General Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan to lead the TMC. Al-Bashir had led a combination of a military dictatorship and a Muslim Brotherhood–led regime. The Battle of Khartoum, Siege of Khartoum or Fall of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian-held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad. A post shared by The Shade Room (@theshaderoom) on Jun 11, 2019 at 10:01am PDT. Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty ImagesLocals set tyres on fire and block a sidestreet leading to their neighbourhood in the Sudanese capital Khartoum to stop military vehicles from driving through the area on June 4, 2019. Huma, an activist, said that RSF soldiers humiliated women by asking them to remove their underwear. The Khartoum massacre occurred on 3 June 2019, when the armed forces of the Sudanese Transitional Military Council, headed by the Rapid Support Forces, the immediate successor organisation to the Janjaweed militia, used heavy gunfire and teargas to disperse a sit-in by protestors in Khartoum, killing more than 100 people, with difficulties in estimating the actual numbers. Hundreds killed in massacre … شهد (@hadyouatsalaam) on Jun 6, 2019 at 9:05am PDT. Protesting a deadly military raid on a sit-in in Khartoum, Sudan, and American arms sales to Saudi Arabia at the White House on Saturday. [24][25][26], On 30 May, the SPA expressed concern that a lethal attack by the TMC was intended, stating that on 29 May, "two citizens including a pregnant lady were shot dead by the TMC forces." [49], İyad el-Baghdadi, a human rights activist who became famous during the Arab Spring, argued that the governments of Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Egypt supported the carrying out of the massacre. I am at my office crying because I have so many emotions in me and I feel horrible. Some of the bodies recovered from the river had bullet wounds, while others were hacked with machetes, Radio Dabanga reported. "[40], On 12 June 2019, the Sudanese Doctors' Syndicate published a list of 104 people that were killed on or after 3 June, including 12 children. Transitional Military Council and Rapid Support Forces, Sudanese August 2019 Draft Constitutional Declaration, No to Oppression against Women Initiative, Sima Centre for Women and Children's Studies, root causes and politics behind sexual violence, "Sudan Power-Sharing Deal Reached by Military and Civilian Leaders", "Sudanese doctors say dozens of people raped during sit-in attack", "Complete civil disobedience, and open political strike, to avoid chaos", "No, it's not over for the Sudanese revolution", "Sudan death roll rises to 100 as bodies found in Nile, say doctors", "Sudan protests: Thirty dead and more than 100 injured as troops disperse demonstrators", "Security forces in Sudan carry out raids across capital, killing at least 30", "Sudan security forces shoot protesters at sit-in outside army headquarters", "Death toll in Sudan crackdown rises to 100 after 40 bodies recovered from Nile | IOL News", "Protesters shot as Sudan military tries to clear Khartoum sit-in", "Turn the Internet Back On in Sudan, and Keep It On", "At least 35 killed as Sudan military storms sit-in", "Sudan: Draft Constitutional Charter for the 2019 Transitional Period", "Tens of thousands rally against former ruling party in Sudan", "Sudan Activist: 'Committee of Inquiry should include women, "Sudanese Protests, After Days of Violence, Turn Anger Over Bread Toward Bashir", "At least 30 Sudanese protesters feared killed as security forces attack Khartoum sit-in", "Sudan: huge crowds call for civilian rule in biggest protest since Bashir ousting", "Sudanese military forced to abandon attempt to clear protesters", "Sudan protesters reject army takeover after removal of president", "Sudan protests continue as security forces appear split", "Open Call for Urgent Action: Risk of Escalating Violence in the Sit-in area in Khartoum", "Five dead as Sudan military rulers try to disperse sit-in", "Sudan military calls snap election after crackdown", "Khartoum residents in 'state of terror' after bloody crackdown", "Sudan paramilitaries threw dead protesters into Nile, doctors say", "The Latest: Sudan official disputes protesters' death toll", "تجمع المهنيين السودانيين – Sudanese Professionals Association", "Militiamen in Sudan raped men and women, says eyewitness", "Sudanese activists seek justice for mass rapes after militia 'breaks the girls, "UN seeks to verify reports of gang-rape by Sudan militias", "Sudan's youth showed us how to counter sexual violence", "Sudan: The names of 100 people killed in a week of deadly violence", "US names new envoy to Sudan as political crisis continues", "#BlueforSudan: Why is social media turning blue for Sudan?